Tuesday, February 25, 2014

52 Ancestors: Week 8: The Shinkle Brothers in the Revolutionary War

The Shinkles have been in America since 1752. They have had 6 children: 3 girls (1 died as an infant, and the other may have died as a child) and 3 boys:  Philip Jacob (b. 1747 in Edenkoben, Germany), Han and Christian (b. 1753 and 1756 in Heidelberg, PA).

We are related to both Philip Jacob AND Christian.

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In early 1775, because it was founded by Quakers, Pennsylvania did not have a military.  However, some of its citizens organized themselves into local volunteer “associations” that were eventually sanctioned by the State of Pennsylvania and formed into 53 battalions that fought in the Revolutionary War.  All three Shinkle boys joined one of these associations: they were privates in the 1775 Lancaster County, Pennsylvania Militia, Heidelberg Company under Captain George Hudson. Their ages were 28, 22 and 19.

“The Heidelberg Company of Associators, commanded by George Hudson was called into actual service and was paid for such service by Pennsylvania.  (However), the company did not participate in any engagements.” (1)

After this service, Philip Jacob got married and started a family.  Han and Christian continued their military service and took the oath of allegiance to the State of Pennsylvania in Heidelberg on June 22, 1778.

Christian was part of the Pennsylvania Third Battalion that “took part in the pursuit of the British army across New Jersey, fighting at the Battle of Monmouth on June 28, 1778, where it was with the advance wing of the army, but was in limited contact with the enemy, and lost only one man wounded.” (2)

Washington Rallying the Troops at Monmouth by Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze

“Battle of Monmouth Courthouse:  The Continental Army under General George Washington attacked the rear of the British Army column commanded by Lieutenant General Sir Henry Clinton as they left Monmouth Court House.  Washington had fought his opponent to a standstill after a pitched and prolonged engagement; the first time that Washington's army had achieved such a result. The battle demonstrated the growing effectiveness of the Continental Army after its six month encampment at Valley Forge, where constant drilling had greatly improved army discipline and morale.“ (3)

“Not long afterward, the Third Battalion was detached from Washington's immediate command to be based on Schoharie, New York, from which it would help defend the frontiers in upstate New York against Indian attacks.” (2)

Christian Shenkle is a confirmed patriot of the American Revolution: DAR Ancestor #A102857.

All three brothers survived the war, although their parents died in 1778 and 1784. In about 1796, they (ages 49, 43, and 40), along with their younger married sister (37), moved to the recently opened Northwest Territory.  They settled in an area on the Ohio River, 45 miles southeast of Cincinnati.

Philip Jacob and family moved to Feesburg, Ohio and eventually bought 600 acres on 29 Mar 1805 for $1500. He and his wife Julia had 9 children, 6 boys and 3 girls. Three of his sons married cousins.  He died in Brown County and is buried in Shinkle’s Ridge Cemetery.

“Christian moved to Ohio, crossing the Alleghenies in wagons to Pittsburgh, thence by flatboat down the Ohio River, landing at Maysville, KY, where he left his family to seek a location.  On June 15, 1805 he purchased of RC Jacobs, 1000 acres on Bullskin Creek for $2000. His ownership of this tract gave the name of Shinkle’s Ridge to the section of country lying north of Higginsport.  Land was donated by him for a church, cemetery and schoolhouse.” (4)

Christian had 7 girls and 3 boys with his first wife Maria Magdalena.  Four of his daughters married cousins. His wife died in 1814 and he married Elizabeth in 1817 and had 3 more sons. He died 1833 and is buried in Shinkle’s Ridge Cemetery.

Shinkle's Ridge Church and Cemetery


(1) (4) Letter of Wm H Egle, State Librarian, Harriburg, PA, Sept 24, 1896.

(3) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Monmouth



(2) https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE189994

(4) The Shinkle Geneology:  https://archive.org/stream/shinklegenealogy00abbo#page/12/mode/2up

Tuesday, February 18, 2014

52 Ancestors: Week 7: Carl Schenckel

Edenkoben, Germany is known for its wine festivals.  You can also hike along forested mountain trails, visit the ruins of ancient castles, and enjoy sunny days exploring medieval towns.  It is located in Europe’s largest forest, The Palatinate Forest.  In fact, Bavaria’s King Ludwig I, liked it so much that he built his summer castle, Schloss Ludwigshöhe, on the slopes overlooking Edenkoben, which he called "the most beautiful square mile of my realm."

So what does this have to do with our family tree on my dad’s side?  Well, believe it or not, family members (I know I was surprised) we have German Ancestors!  We also have an immigration story!

click image to enlarge

In the 18th century, those living in Edenkoben and the surrounding region, were serfs or peasants.  To be released from their serfdom, they were required to pay a fee, usually 10% of their property.  Serfs who were too poor to pay the fee, were sometimes granted emancipation anyway.  This is the case for our ancestor Carl Schenckel.  "For the same year, 1752, a great emigration year, Philip Carl Schenkel (and another) of Edenkoben went as emigrants to North America, all manumitted gratis (without charge) on account of their poverty." *

Carl Schenckel (35), his wife Maria Elisabetha (35) heard reports about lots of cheap land and religious freedom in America. They talked with others in their community and a large group of them decided to make the long journey to America.  Likely in the Spring of 1752, they packed their belongings, gathered their 2 children, Phillip Jacob (5) and Maria Elisabetha (1), and along with 28 other families, they left Edenkoben.

Why did so many people choose to leave such a beautiful place? Probably for several reasons:
  • Multiple wars with the French 
  • Bad weather and crop failures
  • Minor religious persecution by the Catholics
  • Disease and sickness (plague, small pox)
  • Poverty
"The difficult journey from the Palatine region in Germany to Philadelphia in the New World could take up to six months. The trip was divided into three parts. The first part, fraught with difficulty, led down the Rhine River to the seaport Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Feudal lords owned the land and ruled the principalities through which the Rhine River flows. They took advantage of travelers going down the river by charging tolls for passage through the lord's principalities. The journey down the Rhine could take six weeks because of all the stops and delays. 

The second part of the journey led from Rotterdam to one of the English ports. In England a delay of one to two weeks might be necessary while the ships waited to be passed through the custom house with another possible long wait for favorable winds.

The third part of the journey, the transatlantic voyage, brought much suffering and hardship. 

"The real misery begins with the long voyage. The passengers being packed densely, like herrings, without proper food and water, were soon subject to all sorts of diseases, such as dysentery, scurvy, typhoid and smallpox. Children were the first to be attacked and died in large numbers." **

The duration of the voyage depended on the wind and weather. Lack of wind, or storms in the Atlantic, could make a voyage take up to twelve weeks, adding greatly to the misery of the passengers. Under ideal conditions, arrival at the destination could take as few as seven weeks." ***

A Navy Snow (same type of ship as the Ketty)

In 1752, the Schenckel family traveled down the Rhine River to Rotterdam where they boarded the Ketty.
It stopped at Portsmouth, England before landing at Philadelphia on October 16th.  There is no mention of how they paid for their voyage.  But since they were so poor, were they required to work off their fare? Were they indentured servants for a time?  The family settled in Heidelberg Township in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania where they had three more children.

Click image to enlarge
All three of their sons fought in the Revolutionary War, which will be next week’s blog.

The Skinkle Genealogy, comprising the descendants of Phillip Carl Schenckel, 1717-1897.  By Louisa J Abbott and Charles L Abbott, published 1897.



* Ship Passenger Lists.  Pennsylvania and Delaware  (1641-1825).  A chapter titled, "18th Century Emigrants from Edenkoben in the Palatinate",  pp. 187-189:

**Gottlieb Mittelberger, Journey to Pennsylvania in the year 1750

***Shaking The Branches, Genealogical History of the Bolender & Shinkle Ancestry of K. Merrill Bolender Indianapolis, Indiana  http://www.oocities.org/mbolender.geo/intro.htm

Tuesday, February 11, 2014

52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks: Week 6: William L Murphy

William L Murphy is a civil war hero.  
click image to enlarge

He was born in 1831 in Tennessee.  At age 23, he is in Dade County, Missouri (in the southwest corner of the state).  William  marries Ann Wingfield and tragically, she dies within the year of their wedding.  But luckily, he finds love again the following year in 1855 and he marries Sarah Ann Shinkle.  They are married by Wilson Murphey (possible relation) in the home of her father, Elijah Shinkle, who is himself a minister and a landowner.  His wife and (the mother of the bride) Malinda had died 4 years earlier, possibly in childbirth.

William and Sarah have baby Susan in 1857 and two years later baby Isaac in 1859.  Then they move to Arkansas.  William is farming old man James Williams’ farm.  Sarah’s younger sister Barbara (age 20) is living with them, probably helping with the children.  Baby Maggie is born there on 1 Dec 1860.

Father-in-law Elijah has remarried and they (along with Elijah’s two youngest children) are living nearby, farming the Simpson’s farm.

Then William (31)  and Sarah (30) and the kids move back to Missouri, and the civil war breaks out.  

William enrolls at Rolla, MO on 18 Aug 1862 in the Union Army for a service term of three years. He musters in on 18 October 1862.  He is a private in Company A of the 32nd Regiment of the Missouri Infantry Volunteers. 

They are organized at Benton Barracks, MO.  They become part of General Sherman’s Yazoo (river) Expedition and they are at Chickasaw Bayou and others. 

Vicksburg and the Mississippi River circa 1863 (Library of Congress)

And then they are part of a very famous battle: the siege of Vicksburg, May 18 to July 4, 1863.

Kurz and Allison's idealized view of the Siege of Vicksburg (Library of Congress)

As you may know, General Grant’s armies (77,000 men) surround Vicksburg entrapping the Confederate army (33,000 men) under General Pemberton.  For 47 days the battle rages. The Confederate Army and the citizens of Vicksburg are trapped, and they run out of food and supplies. Pemberton surrenders on July 4, 1863, and his army is captured.  The Mississippi River is now controlled by the Union, and the confederate army has lost its ability to get  supplies and reinforcements from Texas.   

William L Murphy (31) survives the battle, only to die 2 weeks later of “chronic diarrhea” on July 20, 1863 at the regimental hospital at Walnut Hill near Vicksburg, Mississippi.  He leaves a wife and 3 small children.  Thank you for your service William L Murphy.

Note: Missouri’s 32nd was comprised of 1628 men:  26 were killed in battle, and 408 were killed by disease. 

1860 US Federal Census
US Civil War Pension Index
Murphy, William S (WC79207) War File and Widow’s Pension File

Tuesday, February 4, 2014

52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks: Week 5: My Grandma Helen's other Grandmother: Nancy Cooper North Pausner

This is one that I have spent many hours (days) researching, only to come up short.  Nancy has a couple of family myths attached to her.  One is that we are descendants of the Cherokee Tribe, and the second is that we have Irish roots on this side of the family.

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I believe Nancy’s mom is Ann(a) Wilson.  Nancy says her mom was born in Missouri on 4 different US censuses. I found Ann and Nancy on the 1876 Missouri State Census in Benton, Missouri which is on the trail of tears traveled by the Cherokee in 1838. 

“So in the early 1800′s we have documented proof of a rather large group of Cherokees some 4000 did indeed reside in the area that would later become the States of Arkansas, Northeastern Oklahoma and Southern Missouri.”   Read more: http://www.powwows.com/2013/01/02/missouriarkansas-cherokee/#ixzz2rSbBVnVW

But that is about as close as I can get.  I can’t find any more information on Ann Wilson: no birth or death or marriage certificate, and only one census in 1865. 

However, I took the Ancestry.com DNA test, and I have no Native American DNA.  Someone else in the family could have it.  But it didn't filter down to me.

The other myth is that we have Irish heritage on this side of the family.   Nancy says her father was born in England on five US censuses.  So this doesn't seem to be Irish (although it is the right part of the world).  I can find no other information about (James?) Cooper.  It is possible that he served in the Civil War.  He was probably born about 1831, and it seems every man born about then has a civil war service record.

So both her parents are genealogical dead ends.

click image to enlarge

Nancy (Nannie) Cooper was born on November 15, 1860 in Illinois (3 US Censuses) or Missouri (2 US Censuses)

In 1876 Nancy is living with her mom in Benton, MO which is near the Illinois and Missouri borders.

In 1880, Nancy is 20 and she is living with the William McKinney family as a servant in Clinton, MO.  The census states that she cannot read or write.

In 1881, on Oct 31, Nancy and Marion B North (b. 1859) get a marriage license in Sedalia, MO.  It is 55 miles from Clinton to Sedalia, which is fairly close to each other, so I think this corroborates both facts. 

Speaking of Marion, his parents are William North and Harriet (Harrison?).  I found them in the 1860 census.  William is listed as born in Georgia in 1809, and Harriet in Illinois in 1829.  They are living in Osceola next to two other North Families…but can’t find the connection, could be brothers or cousins.

“The town of Osceola was inhabited by the Osage tribe of native Americans. Two treaties, in 1808 and 1825, signed by the Osage and the U.S. government gave up all the tribe's land in Missouri. With the way cleared for non-native settlers, more people began to arrive in the St. Clair County area in the mid-1830s. The first home was built in the future Osceola in the winter of 1835.

In the early months of the Civil War, the town was the site of the September 1861 Sacking of Osceola by Jayhawkers in which the town was burned and its courthouse looted. The event inspired the 1976 Clint Eastwood film The Outlaw Josey Wales. Prior to the attack the town had a population of around 2,500. However, fewer than 200 residents remained after the event.”  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osceola,_MO

This could explain why Marion has left Osceola and is in Sedalia in 1881.  And Sedalia has a rich history as well:  “Indigenous peoples lived along the Missouri River and its tributaries for thousands of years before European contact. Historians believe the entire area around Sedalia was first occupied by the Osage (among historical American Indian tribes). When the land was first settled by European Americans, bands of Shawnee who had migrated from the East lived in the vicinity of Sedalia.

During the American Civil War, the US Army had an installation in the area, adding to its boomtown atmosphere. With the coming of two railroads connecting it to other locations, in the post-Civil War period, Sedalia grew at a rapid pace, with a rough energy of its travelers and cowboys. From 1866–1874, it was a railhead terminus for cattle drives and stockyards occupied a large area

In the 19th century, Sedalia was well known as a center of vice, especially prostitution that accompanied its large floating class of railroad workers and commercial travelers. “   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sedalia,_Missouri

Perhaps the family myths were really attached to Marion.  But no, I can’t find any Irish or Native American roots here either.  The genealogical trail goes cold, no more records before or after 1860 for father William. (It’s possible that he too served in the Civil War). Harriet can be found in the 1850 census but that’s it.

Nancy (age 27) (and Marion, I assume) have a son, Fredrick Harrison North, on 27 Dec 1887 in Marshall, MO which is 30 miles north of Sedalia.

Then there is a gap.  The 1890 US Census was destroyed in a fire, and I can’t find any other record between 1887 and 1900.

In 1900 (age 40), Nancy is living with the Samuel Davis (widower) family in Gage, NE, as a servant.  It is listed that she CAN read and write.  Her son Fred is with her (he is attending school and can read and write), and she is listed as a widow.  So what happened to Marion?  (Gage, NE is on the railroad line from Sedalia…was Marion a railroad worker, like his son Fred?)

In 1901, Nancy marries her second husband Charles Pausner who is an immigrant from Bohemia.  They are married for 20 years and have one child together; Florence May in August, 1901.

1907, Beatrice, NE:  Charlie is a janitor at German National Bank.

1910, Beatrice NE: Charlie is a laborer in a private home. They own their home at 910 Herbert St, and it is not mortgaged.

1920, same house: Charlie is a laborer in a nursery.

Nancy and Charlie divorce in about 1921.  He dies in 1922 in California.

In 1930 Nancy is living with her daughter and son-in-law and their 6 kids under age 10 who are renting a house at 5012 North 30th St.  It states that Nancy did not attend school, and neither did her daughter Florence.

Nancy dies in 19 May 1932 in Schuyler, NE.  BarbaraSpitler40 shared on Ancestry.com:  “She lived with my Dad (Nancy’s grandson) and his parents (Nancy’s daughter and son-in-law) from the late 1920's till she died. During the summers my grandparents (Nancy’s daughter and son-in law) camped along the river so my grandparents didn't have to pay rent on a house and she died when they were camping.”

1850, 1860, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930 US Federal Census
Missouri Marriage Records, 1805-2002
Missouri State Census Collection 1841-1881
US City Directories, 1921-1899
Nebraska, Find A Grave Index 1854-2012
Nebraska Certificate of Death
Wyoming Standard Certificate of Death
US World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918