Showing posts from January, 2015

52 Ancestors II, Week 56: Thomas Craighead

“Thomas Craighead was born in 1660 in Scotland and studied medicine there, but later entered upon his trials for the ministry as a probationer in the Presbytery of Strabane (Northern Ireland) in 1698.

He read theology under his father in Londonderry (Northern Ireland)and was settled some 10 or 12 years in Ireland, and became a well-known and even a prominent member of the Irish Synod.” (1)

“Thomas married Margaret, and they had five children:
THOMAS, born in 1702; married Margaret, daughter of George Brown, merchant of Londonderry, Ireland. A farmer at White Clay Creek, Delaware. ANDREW, died unmarried. ALEXANDER, died in March, 1766; an eloquent minister who lived in Pennsylvania, Virginia and North Carolina. JOHN, of Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. JANE, (our ancestor) married, October 23, 1725, the Rev. Adam Boyd, pastor of a church at the forks of the Brandywine. Their son edited the Cape Fear Mercury.” (2)
“In consequence of a number of grievances to which the Presbyterians were…

52 Ancestors II, Week 55: Adam Boyd

Adam Boyd was born in 1692 in Ballymena, Northern Ireland.

He (31) “came to New England as a probationer (licensed by the Presbytery, but not yet assigned to a specific congregation) in 1723.

After remaining in America for a short time he concluded to return to his native country, and was furnished by the celebrated Cotton Mather* with a certificate of his good character in the country, dated June 10, 1724.

Having formed an attachment for a daughter of Mr. Craighead, one of the pioneers of the Irish Presbyterians of New England, he relinquished his design of returning home, and came to Pennsylvania, whither Mr Criaghead and family had shortly preceded him.

He brought with him the commendatory letter of Cotton Mather, as well as credentials from Ireland, and was received under the care of the Presbytery of New Castle.  He was received 29 Jul 1724.

On the same day on which Mr Boyd became a member of the Presbytery he was sent to Octorara, PA with directions to collect a congregation…

52 Ancestors II, Week 54: James Bayly

James Bayly, born about 1730, was one of four children born to Thomas and Mary Bayly, who “was the first to settle on the in Donegal township, (Lancaster County) PA in 1718, the land was warranted to Thomas soon afterwards, though it was not patented during his lifetime. Thomas'  widow Mary eventually received the patent on 8 Aug 1743, for 279 acres, which she conveyed to her sons (James and John) in 1749.” (1)

Thomas, died in 1734, when James was only  4, and Mary died in 1749 when James was 19.

James Bayly must have sold his portion of his inherited land to his brother John, because he "resided upon and owned the farm adjoining 'Duffy's Park' on the north, which he purchased 7 Aug 1767. James was a justice of the peace,

and of the Court of Common Pleas, during the Revolution, before whom the oath of allegiance was taken by the citizens of Donegal and vicinity."(2)

James Bayly served in “the 3rd Pennsylvania Regiment, first known as the 2nd Pennsylvania Batta…

52 Ancestors II, Week 53: Immigrants from Northern Ireland

"The Ulster Scots are an ethnic group in Ireland, found mostly in Northern Ireland.  Their ancestors were mostly Protestant Lowland Scottish. These people migrated to Ireland in large numbers with the Plantation of Ulster, a planned process of colonization which took place in 1609 under the auspices of James VI of Scotland and James I of England on land confiscated from members of the Ulster-Gaelic nobility who fled Ireland upon the discovery of a new rebellion plot.

The majority of these Scottish settlers and their descendants were Presbyterian,  Along with Catholics, they were legally disadvantaged by the Penal Laws, which gave full rights only to members of the Church of Ireland.  With the enforcement of England's Queen Anne's 1703 Test Act, which caused further discrimination against all who did not participate in the established church, 200,000 Ulster-Scots migrated to America between 1717 and 1775." (1)

Several branches of our tree can be traced back to Northe…