It appears that the Bittingers may have been from Bern, Switzerland, and immigrated to the Alsace/Lorraine (Strasbourg, Zutzendorf, Bokenheim, Schiltigheim, Durstel) region in about 1660, where 2 generations were born including
Hans Adam Bittinger in about 1698. He was the son of Peter Bittinger and Mary Sabina Braum.
"Strasbourg is the capital of Alsace and is located on the left bank of the Rhine River, in France’s northeast. The European parliament, the Court of Human Rights, and the Council of Europe are just some of the famous institutions that have chosen Strasbourg as their seat.
Its Old Town district is a gem waiting to be discovered, and the atmosphere surrounding it is truly enchanting. The heritage-listed area includes the famous Notre-Dame cathedral and the enchanting Petite France district.
Strasbourg is separated from Germany by the Rhine River, and remains proud of its rich and tormented history. Having emerged even stronger from the painful memories of the two World Wars, the city has become the symbol of Franco-German reconciliation, and by extension, of European friendship." (1)
Hans (26) married Anna Margarethe Schuh (28) (daughter of Johann Adam Schuh and Anna Marx) on 28 Nov 1724.
They had four sons:
- Johann Nicolas (1725) our ancestor
- Johann Henrich (1729)
- Georg Michael (1731)
- Johann Peter (1734)
|The Duke of Lorraine and Imperial troops crossing the Rhine |
before Strasbourg during the War of the Austrian Succession, 1744
“The official policy of religious intolerance which drove most Protestants from France after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685 was not applied in Strasbourg and in Alsace, because both had a special status as a province à l'instar de l'étranger effectif (a kind of foreign province of the king of France). Strasbourg Cathedral, however, was taken from the Lutherans to be returned to the Catholics as the French authorities tried to promote Catholicism wherever they could.” (3)
Hans Adam (39) and his family chose to leave Strasbourg (for religious reasons?) and they arrived in Philadelphia on 30 Aug 1737 from Rotterdam on the ship Samuel.
“Hans Adam is said to have first resided in Lancaster Co., then to have emigrated to the "Conewago Settlements" York Co, PA. His name appears in the church records of the latter place about 1744.” (2)
Anna Margarethe (55) died in 1750, and Hans eventually married Sabina.
“The land embracing the present "Homestead Farm" in Berwick Township, Adams Co., was patented to "Adam Beetinger" by Thomas and Richard Penn, May 7, 1753, under the name of the "Shauman Tract," a family of this name having occupied it for three years previous, probably as squatters.” (2)
Han Adam (69) died 7 Jul 1768 in Hanover, PA. Sabina “survived him, with ten children.”(2) He could have had six children with Sabina, or they could have been her children from a previous marriage.
- (2) Bittinger AND Bedinger Families, Descendants of Adam Budinger, 1904, by Lucy Forney Bittinger.
- (3) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strasbourg
- (4)"Duke of Lorraine crossing the Rhine before Strasbourg-f4340609" by Johann Tobias Sonntag (1716-1774) - Own work by Rama. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 fr via Wikimedia Commons - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Duke_of_Lorraine_crossing_the_Rhine_before_Strasbourg-f4340609.jpg#mediaviewer/File:Duke_of_Lorraine_crossing_the_Rhine_before_Strasbourg-f4340609.jpg